NRTAC Webinars


Overcoming Victim/Witness Intimidation & Gaining Cooperation in Investigations Webinar (PPT Slides)


NRTAC Publications


5 Things to Know About CGICs, Police Foundation (PDF)

NRTAC Project Fact Sheet, Police Foundation (PDF)




Denver CGIC:Locked on Target, White & Franey (PDF)

Widening the Crime Gun Trail, Gagliardi (Web article)

Forensic-Led Policing, Denver Crime Lab (PPT presentation)

Denver DA CGIC (Video)

Denver CGIC Taskforce (Video)

District of Colorado FY14 Project Safe Neighborhood Initiative (Webpage)

Prosecuting Firearms Offenses: ATF Crime Gun Intelligence Centers, Walsh & Franey (PDF)

The “Crime Gun Intelligence Center” Model, PERF (PDF)

Forensic scientists help Las Vegas detectives link impounded guns to unsolved crimes, Las Vegas Review Journal (Article)


Firearms Processing, NIBIN, and eTrace


ATF NIBIN Program (Webpage)

ATF NIBIN Program Locations – Interactive Map (Webpage) 

NIJ NIBIN Program (Webpage)

ATF eTrace Program  (Webpage)

ATF eTrace Fact Sheet (PDF)

ATF NIBIN Case (Video)

Phoenix PD NIBIN Program (Video)

Opening the Black Box of NIBIN: A Descriptive Process and Outcome Evaluation, King et al. (PDF)

Coordinating NIBIN and Forensic Science Laboratory Efforts, Nichols (PDF)

Regional Crime Gun Processing Protocols, IACP (PDF)

Using NIBIN to Target Shooters and Solve Crime 2016, ATF (PDF)


Criminal Intelligence and Crime Analysis


BJA National Intelligence Resource Center (Webpage)

International Association of Crime Analysts (Webpage)

Introductory Guide to Crime Analysis and Mapping, COPS Office (PDF)

Crime Gun Information Sharing: The ATF i-Trafficking Project, IACP (PDF)

State Progress in Record Reporting for Firearm-Related Background Checks: Fugitives from Justice, SEARCH (PDF)


Evidence-Based Policing Strategies and Recommendations 


Pulling Levers Focused Deterrence Strategies to Prevent Crime, COPS Office (PDF)

Research Brief: Ceasefire- The Effects of “Pulling Levers” Focused Deterrence Strategies on Crime, DOJ VRN Program (PDF)

Smart Approaches to Reducing Gun Violence, Braga et al. (PDF)

Crime Gun Interdiction Strategies for the 21st Century Summit, IACP (PDF)

Reducing Gun Violence in Our Communities, IACP (PDF)

Taking a Stand: Reducing Gun Violence in Our Communities, IACP (PDF)

An Evidence-Assessment of the Recommendations of the President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing, IACP & GMU CEBCP (PDF)

Reducing Gun Violence Report Series, NIJ (Webpage)

Strategies for Reducing Gun Violence in American Cities, Everytown for Gun Safety (PDF)

Reducing Violent Crime in American Cities, Police Foundation (PDF)

Gun Violence: Regional Problems, Partnerships, and Solutions, PERF (PDF)

Police Foundation Evidence-Based Policing App
The Evidence-Based Policing mobile app is designed to promote the awareness, identification and use of evidence-based strategies by law enforcement officers, crime prevention advocates, community members, and others on the front lines of community safety. The app was created by the Police Foundation through a partnership with George Mason University’s Center for Evidence-Based Crime Policy (CEBCP) and the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP).

While a substantial portion of the strategies identified in the App have been derived from CEBCP’s Evidence-Based Policing Matrix Project, the App also offers limited practical tips and strategies in emerging areas of concern or focus that can be considered ideas worthy of careful exploration and experimentation, but don’t yet have the required research support to be considered “evidence-based or “evidence-informed.”

Additionally, the App provides easily consumed summaries of key research and evaluation literature to support practitioners and policymakers in their need to embrace science in policing and to remain aware of and understand the research that contributes to our understanding of what works.

The Police Foundation and its partner organizations are committed to expanding the App’s content and usefulness and as funding resources are identified, new material and features can be added. We recognize that the App is a “living” resource, to be further developed and expanded over time.

The app is now available on Android, iOS, and Windows

Programs Addressing Gun Violence


Operation Ceasefire
Police teaming up with community groups and researchers to apply an evidence-based approach to gun violence. The two main elements included a direct attack on illicit firearms traffickers and a set of intervention actions that gave gang members a strong deterrent to gun violence. Police placed enforcement pressure on gang members to discourage them from carrying guns and also called for efforts for the gang members to spread the word about increased enforcement. This “pulling levers” approach included the threat of a wide variety of penalties, from going to prison for parole violation to receiving 10 years without parole in a federal penitentiary. Boston’s Operation Ceasefire reduced firearm violence by 68% in one year.

For more information, please click here

Project Safe Neighborhoods
Nationwide strategy aimed to reduce gun violence at the local level. It was designed as a collaborative problem solving initiative utilizing a strategic research-based model to reduce firearms violence through enforcement, deterrence, and prevention. At the core of the strategy was the increased federal prosecution of illegal gun use and illegal gun possession by prohibited persons. Increased federal prosecution was intended to incapacitate chronic violent offenders as well as to communicate a credible deterrent threat to potential gun offenders. However, it was also recognized that exclusive reliance on increased federal prosecution was of limited utility given the reality that most gun crime is prosecuted in state and local courts. Because of this, PSN was framed on five key components: 1) partnerships; 2) strategic planning and research integration; 3) training; 4) outreach; and 5) accountability. The intent was that these components would maximize the investment of federal resources through a focus on the contexts driving gun crime in particular jurisdictions. Research would assist in focusing resources and local and state partners would bring understanding of local conditions as well as resources to the interventions.

For more information, please click here

Project Exile
Project Exile was a crime reduction strategy launched in 1997 in Virginia, by the U.S. Attorney’s Office, as a result of the spike in violent crime rates in the late 1980s and early 1990s. During these years, Richmond, Virginia consistently ranked among the top 10 U.S. cities in homicides per capita. Specifically, in 1994, Richmond was ranked 2nd for homicides per capita, with a homicide rate of 80 per 100,000 residents. Overall, the goal of the project was to deter felons from carrying firearms and decrease firearm-related homicides through both sentence enhancements for firearm-related offenses and incapacitating violent felons.

For more information, please click here

National Integrated Ballistic Information Network (NIBIN)
The NIBIN Program automates ballistics evaluations and provides actionable investigative leads in a timely manner. NIBIN is the only interstate automated ballistic imaging network in operation in the United States and is available to most major population centers in the United States. Prior to the NIBIN Program, firearms examiners performed this process manually which was extremely labor intensive. To use NIBIN, firearms examiners or technicians enter cartridge casing evidence into the Integrated Ballistic Identification System. These images are correlated against the database. Law enforcement can search against evidence from their jurisdiction, neighboring ones, and others across the country. This program is one investigative tool accessed by law enforcement that allows each of us to share information and cooperation easily making all of us more effective in closing cases.

For more information, please click here

Operation Peacekeeper
Since 1998, the Operation Peacekeeper Gang Outreach Program has played a key role in local efforts to reduce gang homicides. The program has evolved into a comprehensive effort where youth are offered both a mentor and a variety of resources. It mentors youth and young adults with the highest risk of gang involvement, particularly serious gun-related violence, and provides positive alternatives for a healthier, non-violent lifestyle. Outreach workers are trained in conflict resolution, mediation, community organizing, mentoring, and case management.

For more information, please click here

Comprehensive Anti-Gang Initiative (CAGI)
The Comprehensive Anti-Gang Initiative (CAGI) was implemented in 12 select cities in response to increasing gang prevalence across the country. The main purpose of the CAGI was to prevent and reduce gang-related crime. The CAGI was comprised of specific components, including enforcement strategies and partnerships, prevention and intervention strategies, and reentry/outreach programs. Enforcement strategies varied by jurisdiction, and included increased federal prosecution, increased state and local prosecution, joint case prosecution screening, and directed police patrols and field interrogations. Prevention and intervention strategies also varied depending on the jurisdiction, and included skills building services, education and outreach, school-based prevention, and substance abuse treatment. Reentry programs focused on outreach and linking services to gang-involved inmates who were returning from prison.

For more information, please click here

Cure Violence
Cure Violence (formerly known as CeaseFire—Chicago) is a Chicago, Illinois–based violence prevention program administered by the Chicago Project for Violence Prevention. Cure Violence uses an evidence-based public health approach to reduce shootings and killings by using highly trained street violence interrupters and outreach workers, public education campaigns, and community mobilization. Rather than aiming to directly change the behaviors of a large number of individuals, Cure Violence concentrates on changing the behavior and risky activities of a small number of selected members of the community who have a high chance of either “being shot” or “being a shooter” in the immediate future.

For more information, please click here

Indianapolis Violence Reduction Partnership (VRP)
The Indianapolis (Ind.) Violence Reduction Partnership (IVRP) was created in response to high levels of gun-related homicides in Indianapolis during the 1990s. It was a replication of the “Project Ceasefire” initiative by the Boston (Mass.) Police Department, which simultaneously held meetings with gang members to communicate a message of deterrence and launched a gang crackdown. Inspired by the success of the Boston initiative, the Indianapolis Metropolitan Police Department created its own version of the program in 1998. The program used a specialized approach to reduce gun-related violence among those most at risk for offending, mainly gang-involved chronic offenders who used illegal firearms. The program was comprised of three stages: identification, implementation, and outreach. Identification of key offenders and patterns of offending, “lever pulling” meetings with probationers and parolees to send a message of deterrence, and outreach of community partners to supplement offenders with social services and ex-offender mentors.

For more information, please click here

Strategic Approaches to Community Safety Initiative (SACSI)
SACSI was a national program that helped establish the value of multiagency, federal-local partnerships in responding to gun crime. All but one of the SACSI sites targeted homicide, youth violence and firearms violence. SACSI attempted to replicate in other cities the best practices from Boston’s Operation Ceasefire: multiagency collaboration, strategic problem solving and action research. Researchers found that — if well implemented — the SACSI approach reduced violent crime in the targeted communities, sometimes by as much as 50 percent. Key elements of the SACSI strategy were leadership by local U.S. Attorneys’ Offices within a collaborative, multiagency partnership, integration of researchers into planning and execution of intervention strategies, and design and implementation of interventions that incorporate tactics proven to reduce illegal gun carrying and use.

For more information, please click here


Strategies Addressing Gun Violence


Focused Deterrence/Pulling Levers
Selecting a particular crime problem (such as youth homicide); convening an interagency working group that may include law enforcement, social service, and community-based practitioners; developing a response to offenders or groups of offenders that uses a variety of sanctions (“pulling levers”) to stop continued violent behavior; focusing social services and community resources on target offenders to match the prevention efforts by law enforcement; and directly and continually communicating with offenders to make them understand why they are receiving special attention (Braga and Weisburd 2012).

For more information, please click here

Problem-Oriented Policing and Problem Solving
Identify concentrations of crime or criminal activity, determine what causes the concentrations, and implement responses to reduce the concentrations. Important findings from studies are that effective partnerships require extensive commitment of time, resources, and energy; prompt and local data is key; the integration of researchers and analysts is integral; and it may require some organizational change.

For more information, please click here

Federal-Local Collaboration
In general, such collaboration provides advantages for local law enforcement facing high rates of gun violence. Federal penalties for firearm violations are general more severe than state penalties, and federal law enforcement officers may have access to better intelligence.

For more information, please click here

Directed Patrol
Officers dedicated to the program (do not always respond to calls for service) to concentrate on suspicious activities and high-risk offenders, and to provide a deterrent effect in high-crime areas. The idea is to incapacitate dangerous offenders and remove illegal guns from the streets.

For more information, please click here

Identifying Hot Spots
The use of crime analysis to locate concentrations of crime, types of crime being committed, and other information that helps craft the most effective responses. In these concentrated areas, law enforcement can focus limited resources on a small number of high-activity crime areas

For more information, please click here

Action Research
The use of crime analysis to locate concentrations of crime, types of crime being committed, and other information that helps craft the most effective responses. In these concentrated areas, law enforcement can focus limited resources on a small number of high-activity crime areas

For more information, please click here


CGIC Strategic Planning


Strategic Planning Resources, BJA (Webpage)