BJA helps to make American communities safer by strengthening the nation's criminal justice system: Its grants, training and technical assistance, and policy development services provide state, local, and tribal governments with the cutting edge tools and best practices they need to reduce violent and drug-related crime, support law enforcement, and combat victimization.
BJA is a component of the Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice, which also includes the Bureau of Justice Statistics, National Institute of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office for Victims of Crime, and Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking.
About the Local Law Enforcement CGIC Initiative
The Local Law Enforcement Crime Gun Intelligence Center Integration (CGIC) Initiative, administered by BJA in partnership with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), is a competitive grant program that provides funding to state and local government entities that are experiencing precipitous increases in gun crime to implement comprehensive and holistic models to reduce violent crime and the illegal use of firearms within their jurisdictions by enabling them to integrate with their local ATF Crime Gun Intelligence Centers (CGICs).
The purpose of this initiative is to encourage local jurisdictions to work with their ATF partners to utilize intelligence, technology, and community engagement to swiftly identify firearms used unlawfully and their sources, and effectively prosecute perpetrators engaged in violent crime. Even if your jurisdiction does not receive CGIC grant funding, the NRTAC welcomes and encourages other agencies to participate in this initiative by requesting technical assistance. Grant funding has been awarded to the jurisdictions below:
Successful Grant Application Examples
If your agency is interested in applying to receive funding through BJA's local law enforcement crime gun intelligence integration initiative, consider reviewing the following successful applications that have previously been awarded to help guide your narrative.
The cities, selected with input and coordination from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), are:
According to the New Mexico Vital Records, in 2013, the third leading cause of death for New Mexican children between the ages of one through eighteen was homicide with 74% of those occurring by a firearm. Children ages 0–19 are killed by guns at a rate almost 60 percent higher than the national average and are murdered by guns at almost 40 percent above the national average. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention, “Fatal Injury Data” – New Mexico is the 10th worst state for gun deaths and it has 14.6 gun deaths for every 100,000 people in the state in 2010 which is 40% higher than the national average of 10.3 gun deaths for every 100,000 people.
Albuquerque’s homicide rates have continued to increase over the past several years with a slight decrease only as recent as 2020. Figures 1-5 show the majority of homicides were committed in Albuquerque by a firearm.
Point of Contact
MARIA GARCIA-CUNNINGHAM, M.A.
Planning Manager, CIP/Grants/Property
Albuquerque Police Department
The Aurora Police Department will produce timely, precise, and objective Crime Gun Intelligence data to identify, focus, and coordinate their efforts and those of bordering agencies, and federal law enforcement, forensic, and prosecutorial resources on the most violent armed offenders in Aurora. The proposed model will be built upon the best practices set forth by the National Crime Gun Intelligence Governing Board, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms & Explosives, and Bureau of Justice Assistance. Aurora will generate timely and comprehensive NIBIN and Crime Gun tracing data to be used as proactive, objective investigative tools to provide fast, accurate, and relevant information to both investigators and prosecutors. Investigators can quickly follow-up on NIBIN leads to investigate recent shootings, determine the sources of Crime Guns, link otherwise unrelated shooting crimes, and identify violent suspects for priority proactive investigations. Prosecutors can use Crime Gun Intelligence as compelling, scientific proof in the courtroom to link firearm evidence to additional violent crimes, thus enhancing bonds and sentences. The Crime Gun Intelligence concept is based on the premise that evidence, casings recovered from the scenes of all shooting crimes, and every qualifying pistol and rifle taken into police custody will be test fired and entered into the NBIN database. In addition, Crime Gun Intelligences overlays Crime Gun tracing with NIBIN Leads to identify the first retail purchasers of firearms that have actually been used to commit shooting crimes. The project’s main goal and impactful expected outcomes are:
The primary goal of Crime Gun Intelligence is to develop timely actionable leads that will identify armed violent offenders for investigation and prosecution.
Meaningful, timely, and ongoing collaboration with ATF, bordering police agencies, local crime laboratories, probation and parole, prosecuting attorneys, U.S. Attorneys’ Office (USAO), crime analysts, community groups, and academic organizations.
Reduce the rate of homicides and non-fatal shootings.
Baltimore is the largest city in the state of Maryland. Gun violence and homicides have plagued the City of Baltimore for the last five years. To deal with the increase in gun violence and the numbers of homicide victims, the Baltimore Police Department (BPD) developed a strategy that incorporates proactive deployment of officers, the use of data-driven, evidence-based interventions, and community engagement. In the Western and Eastern Districts, the BPD has created Strategic Decision Support Centers (SDSCs) that follow the Chicago and Los Angeles police department models. These are hubs of data and technology where local commanders, officers, and analysts focus on identifying crime patterns, communicating and sharing information across the district, and creating daily patrol missions that target specific crime locations. Following this strategic step, focus was then placed on crime guns and violence associated with guns and seen as the next logical step in Baltimore’s strategy to reduce crime in the city.
To further the Department’s primary goal of reducing crime and violence, the City of Baltimore will improve and expand upon the Baltimore Crime Gun Intelligence Center (CGIC), a necessary component to BPD’s overall strategy. The CGIC business model established by other agencies across the country provided important lessons for Baltimore. Incorporating CGIC business practices will enhance collaborations and allow BPD to specifically target gun crime. Through this model Baltimore will enhance their ability to use actionable intelligence through leads from the National Integrated Ballistic Integration Network (NIBIN) and eTrace. Working with the ATF, BPD will follow up with crime gun investigations and work with the US Attorney’s Office (USAO) and the Baltimore State Attorney’s Office (SAO) to prosecute those offenders to the fullest levels possible. BPD’s Research Partner, Justice & Security Strategies, Inc. (JSS), will assist with data collection, analysis, and the process and impact evaluation of CGIC.
The CGIC concept, which has already been implemented citywide in Baltimore will be expanded upon to refine and strengthen the current business processes. There will be an extreme focus in the Eastern and Western Districts where Strategic Decision Support Centers have been firmly established and where data and technology are used routinely and ShotSpotter is a key component. BPD will work in concert with ATF and other key stakeholders to improve our current workflow process, as well as investigative process which includes patrol, NIBIN, case investigators, ATF Task Force Officers and Agents, analysts, and other BPD operational components. Improving Baltimore’s CGIC will strengthen existing relationships, provide the opportunity to train officers on the importance of the recovery of ballistic evidence, provide the opportunity to improve the analysis and use of ballistics data, and dramatically improve the efficiency and effectiveness of all ongoing efforts in Baltimore to disrupt the shooting cycle and reduce violent crime. The BPD’s current relationships with outside agencies will continue to be strengthened through evaluation, the implementation of MOUs, and the sharing of best practices and success stories achieved through CGIC partnerships thereby making the sustainability of the CGIC model attainable.
Point of Contact:
Lieutenant Colonel – Deputy Chief of Detective / Criminal Investigations Division
Baltimore Police Department
Phone: 410-396-2626 / 443-938-2661
Bridgeport is the largest city in Connecticut, with a racially and ethnically diverse population of nearly 149,000 residents. With approximately 23% of those residents living below the poverty line, it is also one of the state’s most impoverished cities. Bridgeport has seen a precipitous increase in gun-related crime over the past several years. The period of time between calendar years 2019 - 2021 saw gun violence incidents increase dramatically, with firearm-related homicides increasing by 44.2% from the previous three-year span and firearm-related assaults also rising 20% from 296 incidents to 355 incidents. ShotSpotter data indicated that the City recorded 1,556 incidents of shots fired during the same period. The nature of this violence, which is largely gang-related, poses a serious challenge for law enforcement.
The Bridgeport Police Department has already made substantial investments in its efforts to combat gun violence. The Department developed Fusion Center, its strategic operations center, to bring together citywide surveillance systems with crime-monitoring technology such as ShotSpotter. Fusion Center is currently staffed by 5 full-time Bridgeport police officers, along with 1 full-time police lieutenant and a full-time school security officer. Bridgeport Police also commenced a city-wide investigation into ongoing gang violence with comprises federal, state, and local partners from agencies including the FBI, DEA, and ATF. The Department also began weekly intelligence meetings where a similar coalition of federal, state, and local stakeholders share updates, resources, and discuss best practices.
The purpose of this grant will be to enhance these existing efforts through the development of a Crime Gun Intelligence Center (CGIC). This will be accomplished with the purchase of additional technology, including an expansion of ShotSpotter coverage, ShotSpotter Connect technology, access to NIBIN, and expanded surveillance. BPD will convene a CGIC Integration Team to develop and implement processes governing the collection and analysis of ballistic evidence, as well the dissemination of NIBIN hits and leads through daily intelligence meetings and weekly collaborative meetings.
The expected outcome of these efforts is to improve response time, bolster the collection of ballistic evidence, and facilitate federal, state, and local investigations with the ultimate goal of prosecuting gun criminals and reducing gun violence overall. As a part of this project, BPD will report on deliverables including, but not limited to: MOU agreements formed with partners, new policies and procedures implemented, ShotSpotter and NIBIN data, trainings received, and the resulting number of investigations and convictions.
Broward County is the 17th most populous county in the United States and second-largest in the state of Florida. It includes 31 municipalities and a current population of over 1.9 million residents. The Firearm and Toolmark (FATM) unit of the Broward Sheriff’s Office (BSO) Regional Crime Laboratory is charged with test firing of firearms for function determination, comparing fired knowns to unknowns recovered from a crime, the recovery of obliterated serial numbers, making muzzle to target distance determinations as well as database searches utilizing the National Integrated Ballistic Information Network (NIBIN). The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF) ATF currently is one (1) of two (2) agencies with local Crime Gun Intelligence Centers (CGIC).
The FATM strives to provide leads and hits to the CGIC in a timely fashion; however, an increase in workload has led to increased times of lead notifications. From 2018 to 2020, Broward County has observed a staggering 42% increase in violent crimes committed with a firearm. The rise in crime guns has led to increase turnaround times for results coming from the FATM unit which has resulted in a growing backlog of cases. Additionally, Risk Protection Order (RPO) law has resulted in hundreds of cases where firearms are seized and need to be examined and entered into the system as well. Many of these cases involve numerous firearms.
The end goal of the collaborative efforts using Crime Gun Intelligence centers and their methodology is to reduce the amount, and overall impact of firearms-related crimes. To stem the tide of rising violent crime, the FATM unit will work with prosecutors and investigators to quickly deliver actionable information via NIBIN and E-Trace. These programs along with the FATM being joined to the National Correlation Center will provide information to investigators within five (5) days of the crime lab receiving the evidence, which will allow for more timely and more accurate arrests as well as a higher case closure rate. The FATM will communicate with law enforcement partners, ATF, and prosecutors monthly to ensure that information is being shared effectively. In addition, grant funding will support a second Brasstrax unit for NIBIN entry, two (2) additional Forensic Technicians dedicated to firearm operability/screening and entering cases in NIBIN, and an Administrative Secretary to compile CGIC data and support the unit’s grant objectives.
The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department (CMPD) is a local law enforcement agency, comprised of 1,982 officers and 475 civilians employees, dedicated to providing problem-oriented, data-driven, and evidence-based practices that improves its service delivery to the 951,287 residents of the City of Charlotte and unincorporated areas of Mecklenburg County. The primary mission of the CMPD is to protect lives and enforce North Carolina State Law. The identification of firearm related violent offenders aligns with the CMPD’s mission and is critical to protecting lives.
The CMPD’s jurisdiction has experienced a significant increase in population growth in the last five years. They have also experienced a significant increase in firearm related violent crime.
Points of Contact:
Major Alex Watson
Special Investigations Bureau
Tonya Scott, MBA
Research and Strategic Planning Division
The City of Chattanooga, located in Hamilton County, Tennessee, has a disproportionate amount of gun violence. Between the years of 2015 – 2019, 80% of gun violence occurred in 24% of the city (33sqmi). According to FBI UCR data, homicides per 100,000 residents have increased from 13.2 per 100,000 persons in 2015 to 19.94 per 100,000 persons in 2019. In contrast, the city has experienced a decrease in non-fatal shooting victims during that time frame. For instance, in 2015, Chattanooga had an aggravated assault with a firearm of 58.74 per 100,000 persons compared to 49.29 per 100,000 persons in 2019. Despite this downward trend, the gun violence within a city the size of Chattanooga appreciably exceeds the US average per 100,000 persons.
With funding through the BJA CGIC Initiative, the Chattanooga Police Department (CPD) seeks to 1) develop analytical support to improve police response to gunshots fired utilizing report management systems, eTrace, and additional technology; 2) collaborate with ATF to investigate likely shooting incidents by ensuring that every crime gun is submitted to the ATF National Tracing Center; 3) support and promote collaborative partnerships with multiple regional agencies to ensure effective prosecution of CGIC cases; and 4) ensure the sustainability of the CGIC through MOUs with partners and continuing education and outreach with future partners.
Point of Contact:
Sergeant Josh May
Organized Crime Unit / Gun Team
While still pervasive in several specific geographical spots in the city, available statistics will show that gun-related crime in Chicago was on a downward trend through 2019. However, in 2020 through 2021, despite pandemic-related lockdowns, Chicago's diverse communities experienced a precipitous upsurge in fatal and non-fatal shootings, and an evident increase in the number of police-recovered illegal firearms. In 2022, statistics maintained by the Chicago Police Department (CPD) demonstrate that roughly 50% of shootings in the city occur in just seven of the city’s 22 police Districts – Districts that have been designated by the US Attorney’s Office (USAO) as Project Safe Neighborhood (PSN) Districts. Of the 639 shooting incidents and 161 homicides recorded through April 1, 2022, 340 shootings and 82 homicides have occurred in the PSN Districts. Located on the city's South and West sides, these Districts account for more crime than the 15 other police Districts combined.
National research shows that homicide rates increased by an unprecedented 20% in 2020, with the trend appearing to continue in 2021 for Chicago. Through April 2022, while our overall crime numbers are down, Chicago has recorded more homicides than New York or Los Angeles. Our records also show that our officers recovered more than 12,000 illegal firearms in 2021. The increase in gun violence can be attributed to numerous factors and may, indirectly be a result of increased public distrust and anger toward the police. What is incontrovertible is that law enforcement needs: more effective tools; improved data and intelligence sharing between federal, state and local law enforcement agencies; improved collaboration between all public safety stakeholders to drastically reduce crime guns on the street; and ensure prosecution of gun offenders.
CPD will use FY2022 CGIC Integration Initiative funding to implement the CGIC business practice in seven PSN Districts by enhancing our capacity to produce additional investigative leads and better corroborating physical evidence aimed at strengthening crime gun cases for effective prosecution. To achieve this, funds will be used to fill an operations analyst’s position dedicated to the PSN Districts to assist in the prosecution of CGIC-qualified cases and purchase a comparison microscope to allow the CPD Ballistics Lab to prioritize gun cases from the PSN Districts and develop more timely NIBIN Leads/BIA Alerts for investigators. Meanwhile, grant funds will also be used for investigative overtime to support case investigations and prosecution.
Point of Contact:
Deputy Director of Strategic Projects
The Cincinnati Police Department of Cincinnati, Ohio, in partnership with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, the Hamilton County Prosecutor’s Office, United States Attorney’s Office, Hamilton County Probation, Ohio Adult Parole Authority, the Hamilton County Coroner’s Office and the University of Cincinnati, seeks to enhance its initiative to locate the areas of chronic, sustained and active gun violence, including those areas which have been impacted by the precipitous increase, and quickly exploit crime gun intelligence to target participants in violent crimes, including violent offenders, illegal possessors of firearms, firearms traffickers, and sources of crime guns on a regional scale.
Cincinnati aims to show a 5% decrease in aggravated assaults and homicides and a 5% increase in successful prosecutions as result of this project. By taking this comprehensive approach to enhancing crime gun intelligence efforts, Cincinnati could assist strategic plans at the state level to further impact regional communities and the lives of those individuals, their families and all residents.
Point of Contact:
Captain Dennis Swingley
Special Services Section Commander
The City of Columbia, SC, is the capital and second largest city in the State of South Carolina. Although overall crime in the State has been decreasing, Columbia’s violent crime rate has averaged more than double the national average over the past decade. One of Columbia’s most pressing problems has been a precipitous increase in gun-related violence. From 2017 to 2019, murders committed with a firearm rose 128%, and the non-fatal shootings within our most challenging areas have also continued to increase since 2016.
In response to these increases in violent crime, the Columbia Police Department (CPD) leveraged our strong partnerships with area law enforcement, prosecutors and community stakeholders, to create initiatives aimed at identifying violent and repeat offenders and removing them from our communities. A large part of our strategy has been developing our intelligence processes, with an emphasis on crime-gun intelligence, to ensure that we are focusing our resources on the offenders who are impacting gun-related violent crime. In 2019, after CPD made improvements to our crime gun tracing and NIBIN processes, and acquired ShotSpotter gunshot detection technology in our most violent areas, we created a Crime Gun Intelligence Unit (CGIU). Our CGIU, which is comprised of CPD and ATF personnel, follows CGIC best practices and established workflow, to identify, analyze and investigate crime gun intelligence, with the goal of producing actionable intelligence (or “leads”) to assist in identifying, arresting and prosecuting offenders who unlawfully possess and/or use firearms, and identifying illegal sources for crime guns that are being used in our city.
Point of Contact:
Police Inspector – Criminal Investigations Division
Crime Gun Intelligence Unit
1 Justice Square, Room 232
Columbia, SC 29201
The project’s purpose is to develop a statewide CGIC in the Department of Emergency Services and Public Protection (DESPP). This CGIC will be a collaboration of the Connecticut State Police (CSP), Gun Tracing Task Force (GTTF), CSP Watch Center, and the Division of Scientific Services (DSS). The Watch Center is an investigative intelligence gathering Unit in the CSP dedicated to gun crimes and works closely with the GTTF, FBI, ATF, and the major city police departments in the State of Connecticut. The DSS is the state’s forensic laboratory that has three NIBIN Acquisition Units - two of which are available to all law enforcement agencies 24/7. DSS works closely with all the law enforcement agencies in the State of Connecticut including Federal agencies, the Office of the Chief State’s Attorney’s (OCSA), and the Department of Criminal Justice’s State’s Attorneys.
The primary activity of this project is to provide law enforcement agencies in this State with pertinent forensic information associated with NIBIN leads. Currently, NIBIN leads are disseminated to all the agencies to which a gun crime is associated. The CGIC will communicate forensic results to all the agencies involved, that incorporates information from CODIS (DNA database), AFIS (fingerprint database), drug, electronic evidence analysis and other forensic evidence related to all associated cases that were established by the original NIBIN lead. In addition, DSS will incorporate eTrace information for all guns submitted to the laboratory for NIBIN entry. Currently, over 50% of guns submitted have not had an eTrace conducted. The funding will be used to create an interface between law enforcement record management systems and the DSS laboratory information management system to share data. Additionally, a Research Analyst will be funded to work cohesively between DSS and the OCSA to collate the intelligence data from the Watch Center/DSS to the State’s Attorney’s Office linking the information to dockets for individuals being prosecuted for gun crimes.
The Cuyahoga County Prosecutor's Office, with its local, state and Federal partners, looks to expand, enhance, and improve the Cuyahoga County Crime Gun Intelligence Center (CGIC) established two years ago to become a national model for jurisdictions facing similar issues.
A recent CGIC assessment identified gaps in personnel, and delays that affect timely correlations. Requested grant funding will address these gaps and improve the CGIC business process to use innovative technology and provide timely intelligence to disrupt the shooting cycle to preventing shootings and increase prosecutions.
Point of Contact:
Ryan J. Bokoch
Crime Strategies Unit Supervisor
In 2017, Detroit had the highest overall violence rate in cities of more than 100,000 residents for the 2nd year in a row even though its population has vastly decreased in the last 15 years. The overall violent crime rate in Detroit is approximately 6 times the national average and the robbery rate is approximately 20 times the national average. Detroit’s homicide rate of 43/100,000 residents was nine times the national average. As a result, the effect of violent crime is deeply felt in Detroit communities and is responsible for countless lost lives and decreased quality of life.
Detroit has made considerable progress in proactively addressing violent crime over the last few years through highly focused enforcement and prevention built upon a collaborative working group of strong law enforcement partnerships involving the Detroit Police Department (DPD), the Wayne County Prosecutor’s Office (WCPO), The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), the U.S. Attorney’s Office (USA), Michigan Department of Corrections (MDOC), and Michigan State University (MSU – Research Partner).
This Detroit based CGIC Initiative will focus mostly on hiring a Project Manager to oversee project implementation and a Crime Analyst who will monitor NIBIN hits/leads that are identified and conduct analytic work to make the intelligence actionable for investigators. 3 officers will be identified as Task Force Officers (TFO) who will be trained in NIBIN and participate in correlation and acquisition training. TFO officers will train additional DPD officers and DPD Crime Analyst on the determined investigative tool that will assist in conducting correlations that will offer leads to violent offenders. DPD will adhere to the best practices that are in place for the use of NIBIN.
Point of Contact:
Director of Administrative Operations
City of Detroit
Office of the Chief of Police
1301 Third Street, Suite 7S-751
Detroit, MI 48226
office: (313) 596-2918
In 2016, the Baton Rouge area experienced a summer full of turmoil, anguish and unrest. The city dealt with a police shooting and killing of a citizen, Alton Sterling, 11 days of protests following his death, a subsequent ambush of law enforcement that killed three Baton Rouge officers and finally, the area had a historic 1,000 year flood that dropped about two feet of rain in two days. The flooding left hundreds of thousands of homes damaged, thousands of people rescued by boat, and close to 100,000 people seeking refuge in shelters across the state.
The weeks and months following this traumatic summer began a chaotic and increasingly violent time in Baton Rouge. The violence that began in the final months of 2016, exploded in 2017, and has continued unabated in 2018. The BR-CGIC Initiative lead by East Baton Rouge District Attorney, intends to 1) promote timely identification, arrest, and prosecution of armed violent offenders and 2) promote interagency collaboration focused on timely collection, management and analysis of crime gun evidence through the expansion of existing partnerships and processes and the addition of CGIC Business Practices utilizing NIBIN and eTrace.
Point of Contact:
Jon Daily, CPA
19th Judicial District Attorney
ADA Steve Danielson
Crime Strategies Unit
19th Judicial District Attorney
The Fort Lauderdale Police Department will utilize funding to formally establish a CGIC in the city, which will be the first in Broward County. A major component will be the creation of a CGIC Team to focus solely on the armed violence, specifically aggravated assaults/batteries and homicides, within the targeted enforcement area. With the assistance of criminal justice partners, the Fort Lauderdale Police Department will employ tools such as ShotSpotter and NIBIN to increase their ability to gather intelligence and develop leads.
The strategy seeks to end the increase, and ultimately reduce, the incidences of gun crimes in the neighborhoods adjacent to downtown Fort Lauderdale. This area has 42% of all homicides involving a firearm and non-fatal shootings. Over the course of the three year period, the Fort Lauderdale Police Department hope to have disrupted this cycle and improve the safety of the community.
Points of Contact:
Acting Captain Jeff Jenkins
Violent Crimes Division
Public Safety Grants Manager
The Harris County Sheriff’s Office (HCSO) is requesting $700,000 over a three-year period to increase its collaboration with the ATF Crime Gun Strike Force and expand the existing Houston-area CGIC. This grant will enable Harris County to hire three additional personnel to enhance its capability to identify violent gun offenders, build criminal cases, and curb gun violence.
Harris County is a very large urban county with the nation’s third largest county population at 4.7 million residents. The Harris County Sheriff’s Office is the primary law enforcement agency for the 2 million individuals who reside in the unincorporated areas. Unfortunately, Harris County has a significant and growing violent crime problem. During the period of 2019 to 2021, the total number of gun-related aggravated assaults handled by HCSO rose by 66%. Aggravated assaults are a serious concern for Harris County residents.
The Sheriff’s Office has taken a number of important steps to combat this problem. HCSO is an active participant in the ATF Crime Gun Strike Force, which utilizes collaboration between law enforcement and prosecutorial agencies to share intelligence with the goal of detecting, investigating, and prosecuting violent gun crime. HCSO currently has a Task Force Officer detailed to the local ATF office. In addition, HCSO entered into an MOU with ATF and installed a BrassTRAX system at the Crime Laboratory to process cartridge cases recovered from crime scenes. The system is staffed by licensed NIBIN technicians trained in image acquisition protocols. HCSO patrol deputies bring all fired cartridge cases from crime scenes to the accredited crime lab, where the ballistic evidence undergoes NIBIN analysis.
Despite implementation of these best practices, violent gun crime in Harris County is on the rise. Grant funds will be used to hire three additional personnel dedicated to combatting the increase in aggravated assaults. HCSO will add two Task Force Officers to work collaboratively with the Crime Gun Strike Force to identify linked shootings and develop leads. These deputies will focus on reducing Harris County’s aggravated assault numbers. In addition, Harris County will create a Criminal Research Analyst position at the District Attorney’s Office to support the work of prosecutors who handle violent gun crime cases. Finally, HCSO will promote the importance of gun safety at community meetings and events.
Point of Contact:
Lieutenant, Violent Crimes Unit
The City of Henderson has a population estimate of 14,936 as of 2018. It is the only incorporated municipality in Vance County, North Carolina, and serves as the seat for county government, as well as the employment and retail center for the region. The City of Henderson experienced a 51% increase in violent crime from 2016 – 2018, and its homicide rate more than doubled since 2016. Firearm-related robbery increased from 2016-2018, and firearm-related aggravated assaults rose from 64 in 2016 to 98 in 2019. Due to this high level of firearm-related crime, and its relation to firearm-related crimes in the surrounding area, Henderson Police Department (HPD) is often the primary agency working with state and federal law enforcement partners in the region.
The Henderson Police Department seeks to enhance existing responses to gun crimes and develop new approaches to responding to gun crimes through the establishment of the North Central Piedmont Crime Gun Intelligence Center. HPD is the largest agency north of the Raleigh/Durham area and already has close working relationships with law enforcement agencies throughout the North Central Piedmont. Given the high cost of equipment and the existing relationships HPD has with regional agencies, HPD intends to serve as a regional hub for NIBIN entries to enhance cross-jurisdictional gun crime investigations and reduce violent crime in the region.
Point of Contact:
Sgt. Amanda Dance
Criminal Investigations Division
The Houston Police Department (HPD) is charged with protecting 2.3 million (census 2017) residents. According to the Texas Uniform Crime Report (UCR) for 2018, Houston reported: 12,164 violent crimes; 4,403 robberies; 135 murders; and 7,032 aggravated assault. The City of Houston has been ranked as one of the deadliest places to live. In January of this year, CBS News published a list based on data from the Major Cities Chiefs Association Violent Crimes Survey that placed Houston fourth among 65 U.S. urban centers with the highest murder rates per capita. While these numbers are often debated, they reflect an urgent need to improve efforts to reduce violent crime in the community.
Houston leads the nation in commercial business robberies, bank, and armored car aggravated robberies (Associated Press, 2015). A large percentage of these robberies are committed by organized Houston street gangs that use funds acquired from these robberies to help fund their illegal weapons and Narcotics operations. Since the gangs have broadened and bolstered their operations, local street gangs have branched out to other states. Through texting applications, burner phones and social media, the new local street gangs have evolved into interstate enterprises that necessitate local agencies work with state and federal agencies on a daily basis.
In forming the Crime Gun Strike Force, the Partners agree to work cooperatively to timely collect, analyze, and use Crime Gun Intelligence, including the National Integrated Ballistic Information Network (NIBIN) and Firearm Tracing. The Strike Force will identify, investigate, and prosecute firearm violations and related crimes in order to solve violent crimes and remove guns used in criminal acts, violent offenders, and firearm traffickers from our streets. After recovering ballistic evidence, it will be taken by officers to the Houston Police Property Room where it will be immediately entered into NIBIN for immediate results.
Point of Contact:
2017 was the deadliest year on record for Indianapolis with 155 criminal homicides (136 were committed with a firearm), up from 148 in 2016, 148 in 2015,136 in 2014, and 129 in 2013. The Marion County Public Health Department has officially noted homicide as a public health concern. Additionally, nonfatal shootings incidents show a similar trend, increasing from 366 in 2014 to 438 in 2017. In 2017, Indianapolis/Marion County Police Department (IMPD) seized 2,800 guns that were associated with crimes, and over 1,700 guns were reported stolen in 2017. Indianapolis public safety leaders remain concerned because, while the rest of the nation’s homicide and violent crime rates are trending downward, Indianapolis is not following this trend – rather remaining steady or increasing in many violent crime categories.
In January of 2019, the ATF and IMPD officially launched the Indy CGIC. The Indy CGIC is an interagency collaboration focused on the immediate collection, management, and analysis of crime gun evidence. The Indy CGIC will identify linked criminal shooting events, investigate and identify repeat shooters, and build strong criminal cases against repeat shooters by using the National Integrated Ballistic Information Network (NIBIN) to identify shell casings and firearms from related crime scenes. The Indy CGIC will rely heavily upon the IMPD’s gun liaison program to ensure comprehensive forensic evidence recovery from firearms, ballistics, and shell casings at crime scenes to strengthen firearms prosecutions. The Indy CGIC will partner with other crime reduction initiatives such as the Indianapolis Violence Reduction Partnership (IVRP) to leverage additional resources and will utilize the ATF National Tracing Center and other crime gun intelligence to further their investigations. These investigations will result in the arrest and prosecution of repeat shooters, thereby disrupting the gun violence cycle, and ultimately reducing violent gun crime in Indianapolis.
Point of Contact:
Lt. Michael Bruin
The City of Jackson “The City” is the capital of Mississippi and is continuing its goal of delivering innovative and effective public safety programs to the citizens of Jackson within Hinds County. The city had to reduce its current fiscal year’s budget to offset unexpected reductions in tax revenue. Jackson has reported fifty-four murders and we are just 5 months into 2022 fiscal year. The City of Jackson has the highest volume of violent crimes in the nation as of today, we have seen an increase of gun violence for the past 4years. Our focus will be to combine resources and power to work with our local ATF partners in utilize intelligence, technology, and community partners to identify unlawful firearms, individuals using them and the sources providing them. We have a great relationship with the local District Attorney’s Office and U.S. Attorney’s Office, who are on standby to prosecute anyone engaged in violent crimes. The Jackson Police Department is being initiative-taking in all Precincts 1,2,3 and 4. Precincts 3 & 4 has seen a 133% rise in homicides, with most being violent gun crimes. Precincts 1 and 2 has seen a 24.2% increase this year. Our objective is to utilize funding of the 2022 local Law Enforcement Crime Gun Intelligence Center Integration Initiative Grant to enhance the conviction rate, solve cold cases of gun crimes and solve any cases of violent gun crimes with the assistances of our ATF partners and other resources. The Jackson Police Department will purchase innovative technology and equipment to combat gun crimes, expand the Blue
Light Camera System to capture crime in real-time with the aid of our Real Time Command Center. There is also, a need for two new SUV with all the current technology needed to have mobile units on patrol, a drone for active shooters and criminal round ups, the crime scene units and crime lab will need testing equipment for Ballistics, Drug related gun crimes and GSR Kits for testing individual suspects. Our goal is to create a tracking system for all cases and to increase victim participation through this initiative, the Jackson Police Department will be able to take a multidisciplinary approach to combatting gun crimes and prosecuting perpetrators engaged in violent crimes. This grant will provide for critical equipment and firsthand ballistics assistance from ATF. Dues to current budget constraints of our general operating budget, funds for the innovative technology equipment would not be available.
The Kansas City, Kansas Police Department (KCKPD) proposes to establish a Crime Gun Intelligence Center (CGIC) to serve the mission of curbing gun violence in the Kansas City, Kansas (KCK) community. The firearm-related case rate within the city has increased at the alarming rate of 79.35% since 2016. KCKPD seeks to gain the technological and human resources afforded by the future CGIC to expand currently limited resources and provide more tools to hold violent gun offenders accountable and ultimately reduce gun violence in KCK.
Through the utilization of new technology to swiftly identify unlawfully used firearms and their sources, and the establishment of a CGIC working group comprised of numerous partner agencies and full support of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), the CGIC will support the speedy and effective prosecution of perpetrators engaged in violent crime. The creation of a dedicated CGIC will improve the current segmented workflow and create readily available data that can be easily accessed by all members of the working group. New technology that would be funded through this award includes gunshot detection systems, automated license plate reader cameras, and other fixed cameras.
The CGIC will serve the entire jurisdiction to advance the current work being done to promote civil rights and racial equity, increase access to justice, support crime victims and individuals impacted by the justice system, strengthen community safety and result in built trust between law enforcement and the community.
Kansas City, MO, has a significant gun problem that jeopardizes the public health and well-being of its citizens. It has consistently struggled with violent crime, even though it is not among the nation’s largest metropolitan cities (FBI, 2014; 2015). Kansas City reported a 20% increase in aggravated assaults from 2014 to 2015 (KCPD Annual Report, 2015; InfoView Report, 2016), of those 25% were committed with a firearm. The number of aggravated assaults committed with a firearm in 2015 rose to 1190, nearly a 28% increase from 2014 (LERC, Aggravated Assaults, 2016). In an effort to focus resources, the Kansas City Police Department’s (KCPD) Law Enforcement Resource Center (LERC), in conjunction with the Midwest Crime Gun Intelligence Center (CGIC), has identified a “Hot Zone”, where a disproportionately high percentage of aggravated assaults and homicides involving a firearm as well as drive by shootings occur. The Hot Zone represents approximately 10% of the city, by area. In the past two years, 71% of all firearm-related aggravated assaults have occurred in the Hot Zone (LERC, Crime Map, 2016). In the past five years, nearly 76% of the homicides committed with a firearm and 77% of the recorded “drive-by shootings” occurred in the Hot Zone (LERC, Analysis of Drive-By Shootings, 2015; KCPD Homicide Analysis, 2014; KCPD Homicide Analysis, 2015).
Under the Kansas City Crime Gun Intelligence Center Initiative, the KCPD and CGIC partners will fully implement the CGIC process that is in line with the ATF Governing Board’s CGIC best practices. KCPD will increase the frequency of evidence collection from district stations for NIBIN entry, will assign KCPD investigators and ATF special agents to the CGIC; will improve lab analysis turnaround time; will increase collaboration with state and local prosecutors’ offices and parole and probation; will work with CGIC researchers to measure outcomes; and will leverage existing analytical capacities.
Point of Contact:
Captain Justin Kobolt
Law Enforcement Resource Center
Kansas City Missouri Police Department
Main: (816) 949-1677
Although Little Rock, Arkansas is considered one of the greatest mid-sized cities in which to live (Kiplinger, Forbes, Brookings Institute), FBI statistics have shown Little Rock as ranked as the number one most dangerous city with a population under 200,000, in 2015 and 2016, falling to number 21 in 2018.
Little Rock, Police Department (LRPD) is a data driven agency that constantly reviews best practices in law enforcement to find solutions to problems. LRPD’s Crime Gun Intelligence Unit (CGIU) project goals are to:
1. Reduce violent gun crimes, with a focus on shootings in the 12th Street historical hotspot.
2. Increase timely actionable intelligence that links gun crimes to those involved.
3. Improve the collaborative effort among agencies involved in the arrest and prosecution. 4: Utilize social network analysis to develop focused deterrence to prevent gun crimes.
5. Improve communications/collaboration among patrol and detectives via expanded database access.
6. Evaluate the effectiveness of the CGIU.
Point of Contact:
Gun Crime Unit
Despite years of decreases in violent crime, violent crime increased in Los Angeles from 2014 through April of 2016, by 14.3 % from 2013 through 2014 and by 21% from 2014 through 2015. Specifically, from January 1 to March 31, 2016, 185 people were shot, and over 38 people were killed in gun and gang violence. In 2015 and 2016, four divisions that make up only 17% of the city’s geographic population accounted for 34% of all violent crime in Los Angeles and 50% of its murders. In order to combat violent crime, the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) developed a strategy that incorporates community partnerships, proactive deployment of officers, and the use of data-driven, evidence-based tactics. The establishment of the Los Angeles Crime Gun Intelligence Center (CGIC) will greatly improve the existing strategy by focusing its efforts in the most violent area of the city, within the 77th Street Division.
Under the Los Angeles CGIC Initiative, the LAPD will work closely with its partners to reduce violent crime and gun crime, increase the production of timely and actionable information regarding violent crime, enhance collaboration among agencies in Los Angeles, and develop and implement Focused Deterrence to prevent gun-related crimes, among other goals. The LAPD will work with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), the LAPD intelligence analyst, and the JSS research analyst to conduct NIBIN analysis, gun crime tracing, and identification and arrest of armed criminals. A focused deterrence team comprised of law enforcement and community-based organizations will identify prospective clients for call-ins and work together to prevent and mitigate criminal offending with a firearm. A team of prosecutors comprised of members of the USAO, Los Angeles City Attorney (LACA), and Los Angeles District Attorney (LADA) will develop an overall strategy and work with the LAPD to review arrests, determine filing items, and manage offender cases. Finally, LAPD’s research partner, Justice & Security Strategies, will work with the LA CGIC to evaluate the effectiveness of its efforts.
Point of Contact:
Commander Gerald Woodyard
Los Angeles Police Department
Main: (323) 786-5080
Louisville Metro Police Department (LMPD) is part of Louisville/Jefferson County Metro Government and has partnered with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) to establish a Crime Gun Intelligence Center (CGIC) Task Force Team to combat the firearm crime epidemic troubling the city. Although existing entities and relationships have had success, Louisville is still plagued with gun violence. There has been an extraordinary increase in firearms related crimes, including nonfatal shootings and homicides.
The Louisville Metro Police Department seeks to both decrease violent gun crime and increase arrests and ultimately convictions.
Point of Contact:
Sergeant Jonathan Williams
Criminal Interdiction Division - Firearms Intelligence
Memphis is plagued by gun violence. While the number of violent offenses in 2017 was 7.8% higher than in 2016, the number of violent gun offenses was 13.1% higher. During the first 3 months of 2018, violent offenses were 5.8% lower than during the same time in 2017, but violent gun offenses remained about the same. Most importantly, the proportion of violent crime committed with a firearm increased from 46.1% in 2016 to 48.4% in 2017. Comparing the proportion of violent crime committed with a firearm during the first quarter of 2018 to the same period in 2014, 2105, 2016, and 2017, it is at its highest level. In January-March 2018, 47.8% of all violent offenses were committed with a firearm, compared to 45.1% in 2017, 47.7% in 2016, 45.2% in 2015, and 45.5% in 2014.
Although existing entities and relationships have had measurable successes, Memphis still has a problem with gun violence. Having a CGIC on-site will strengthen these relationships, deepen collaborations, provide the opportunity to train officers on the importance of ballistics evidence, provide the opportunity to improve the analysis and use of ballistics data, provide the opportunity to integrate data from existing gun violence reduction programs, and dramatically improve the efficiency and effectiveness of all ongoing efforts in Memphis to reduce violent gun crime.
Point of Contact:
Major Darren M. Goods
MGU Operations Commander
3657 Old Getwell Road
Memphis, TN. 38118
Memphis Police Department
Main: (901) 395-6639
The City of Miami is a dense urban area of nearly 36 square miles with a population of 470,911. Approximately 32.3% of Miami families with children under the age of 18 live below the poverty level compared to 16.4% nationally (2010 US Census). As the largest municipality in the county and the second-largest city in the state of Florida, Miami experiences a chronically high level of crime, particularly gun violence. In response to Miami’s widespread gun violence, Miami Police Department implemented a NIBIN program and formed the Crime Gun Intelligence Detail in September 2019.
To enhance their gun violence reduction efforts, Miami’s goals under the grant funding are to: 1) implement a comprehensive digital evidence platform, 2) improve information sharing processes between CGIC stakeholders, 3) provide additional training to CGIC detail members, 4) prioritize investigative resources to focus on the most violent and prolific offenders, and 5) improve their low clearance rate for non-fatal shootings.
Point of Contact:
Sergeant Fabio Sanchez
Crime Gun Intelligence Detail
The city of Milwaukee has historically been afflicted with high levels of firearm violence, fed by a steady source of firearms from commercial retailers, gun shows, stolen firearms, and internet based selling platforms. Milwaukee suffered a 42% increase in total violent crime between 2011 and 2015, and has the second highest violent crime rate per 100,000 U.S. residents. In order to combat firearm violence, the Milwaukee Police Department (MPD) implemented the ShotSpotter gunshot location system, as well as embedded the National Integrated Ballistic Information Network within their Intelligence Fusion Center. In 2014, the MPD and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) entered into a collaborative effort to reduce gun violence through the creation of a Crime Gun Intelligence Center (CGIC).
Despite MPD’s significant efforts and progress towards implementing the ATF Governing Board’s CGIC model, more is needed to improve system deficiencies, increase operational capacity by NIBIN/CGIC focused personnel, and provide enhanced real-time comprehensive NIBIN leads to the Milwaukee CGIC Task Force, MPD personnel, and other partners. To this end, the Milwaukee CGIC Initiative will focus on personnel expansion, improving program infrastructure, overtime, crime analyst training, and community outreach focused deterrence programs, with the assistance of multiple partners. Collaboration among different agencies is key in this initiative, and partners include the ATF, U.S. Attorney’s Office, Milwaukee County District Attorney’s Office, and the Wisconsin Department of Corrections. Research partners include the Police Foundation and George Mason University’s Center for Evidence-Based Crime Policy’s Dr. Christopher Koper, and these partners will work with CGICs to obtain data for effective performance measurement.
Point of Contact:
Lieutenant Patrick E. Fortune
Milwaukee Police Department
Intelligence Fusion Center
749 West State Street
Milwaukee, WI 53233
For its population size of 33,908, the City of Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, has an inordinately high crime index compared to the national average. The city limits are roughly 10 miles long and 3 miles wide (23.7 square miles or 15,167 acres), with 10 miles of coastline beaches being the central attraction for tourism. The permanent population is 33,908 for Myrtle Beach, but each year, millions of tourists visit the city to enjoy various entertainment activities. The average daily population has been estimated to be in excess of 105,000. One of Myrtle Beach’s most pressing crime problems is gun-related violence. The number of shooting incidents committed has remained high (87 in 2017, 147 in 2018, and 118 in 2019), and MBPD’s gun seizures have remained steady each year (2017 - 333, 2018 - 420, 2019 - 380).
MBPD’s goals under the CGIC grant are as follows:
- Create a Major Crime and Intelligence Unit (MCIU) dedicated to using gun crime evidence through ballistics and forensic examinations to solve crimes.
- Acquire IBIS workstations to enable in-house NIBIN entries to improve the timeliness of leads.
- Serve as a regional resource for NIBIN submissions to improve the timeliness of leads and enhance cross-jurisdictional investigations.
Point of Contact:
Assistant Chief Marty Brown
The Newark Police Division (NPD) serves the largest city in the State of New Jersey, home to a population of 311,549. In 2021, Newark led New Jersey with the most gun violence incidents and victims. The city represents about 3% of the state’s population, but also represents 25% of fatal and non-fatal gun violence incidents and victims (NJ State Police). From 2019 to 2020, fatal shootings increased by 3%, followed by a 9% increase from 2020 to 2021. Year to date, the NPD has recovered 286 guns off the streets, a 47% increase from the year before already. The task of responding to gun crimes, including recovering guns and investigating gun crimes, is getting more challenging in numbers and criminal advancements.
The NPD seeks to make the acquisitions necessary to formalize a Crime Gun Intelligence Center (CGIC). The foundation exists in Newark for the establishment of a formal CGIC. The NPD assigned investigators to the Violent Crime Initiative (VCI) in 2020 to incorporate detectives into the U.S. Attorney’s Office on a full-time basis. This has grown into a partnership that includes the ATF, DEA, and FBI to collaborate on gun crime intelligence in the city. As a jurisdiction plagued by gun violence and multi-generational poverty, the NPD must leverage existing agreements to maximize new resources for the establishment of a CGIC.
Our goal is to enhance resources to reduce violent crime in Newark. Through this program, the Essex County Prosecutor’s Office will be allocated 20% of grant funds to prioritize the prosecution of gun crime cases. The ballistics laboratory will receive a new microscope that will save investigators time and result in higher quality findings. The NPD recognizes the importance of accessing the personal technology of shooters to fully investigate gun crimes. Therefore, the NPD is requesting funding for the purchase of Cellebrite and GrayKey software to extract criminal cell phone data.
The NPD VCI identified one of the biggest challenges involving the city’s gun crimes as the prevalence of vehicles. As part of the city’s plan to expand the Shotspotter system, the NPD seeks to deploy license plate readers to uncovered high-crime areas in the city. Each proposed project expenditure will help the NPD expand its intelligence apparatus and provide the CGIC with the tools to produce and share the best information possible to curb gun crimes and lead to more arrests of violent criminals.
The City of New Haven has a population of 131,181. In 2019, the New Haven Police Department (NHPD) saw a precipitous increase in firearm-related crime. Gun arrests increased by 9% over 2018, and calls for service regarding gunfire increased 17% from 591 to 689. This spike follows a 36% decrease in violent crime from 2011 to 2018. UCR data show that New Haven experienced a 56% increase in the number of victims assaulted with firearms – 78 in 2019 versus 50 in 2018 (in 2017 there were 61, and 67 in 2016). During the same period, there was also a 19% increase in robberies with firearms, and confirmed shots fired increased by 49.5%, from 101 (2018) to 151 (2019).
Through a grant under BJA’s Local CGIC Integration Initiative, the NHPD seeks to:
- Support and sustain the weekly violent crime meetings of the Daily Intelligence Group at the Elm City Intelligence Center through overtime funding.
- Acquire and implement technology, such as Vigilant and i2, to enhance investigative and crime analysis capabilities.
- Provide comprehensive training to investigators and CGIC stakeholders, including non-governmental entities, on violent crime prevention strategies.
- Explore the expansion of gunshot detection technology into additional areas plagued by gun violence.
Point of Contact:
Assistant Chief Karl Jacobson
Investigative Services Division
The City of Oakland has a proven track record of success when addressing violent gun crime in a concerted way. With the launch of Ceasefire in 2012, the homicide rate fell over 50 percent from 2012-2018 (Appendix 4: Problem Analysis, public excerpt, Barao and Braga). From the latest FBI UCR data available in 2019, the City of Oakland’s crime rate in California was third compared to all cities of populations greater than 100,000. Unfortunately, like many jurisdictions across the country, violent gun crime rose significantly during the pandemic in the time period after the latest available FBI statistics and continues as a scourge. For example, in 2021 compared to 2019, Assault with a Deadly Weapon experienced a 109% increase, Shooting at Inhabited Dwelling rose 119% and Shootings at unoccupied vehicles increased 125%. The most disconcerting to our agency and community is that homicides rose 65% in the same time period. In an environment where resources are scarce, the City of Oakland argues that a CGIC expansion grant awarded to the Oakland Police Department (OPD) will be successful due to its track record in launching inventive initiatives such as Ceasefire (cited in Thomas Abt’s book “Bleeding Out: The devastating consequences of urban violence—and a bold new plan for peace in the streets.”), providing timely laboratory-generated investigative leads which outpaces other California laboratories (top number of acquisitions in the state) and OPD’s current participation in an active CGIC (letter of support from ATF’s Special Agent in Charge). Success will be launched in the following ways and measured through the collection of year-to-year comparative statistics: (1) improvement of capacity to analyze firearm evidence by hiring a Forensic Technician, (2) upgrade forensic technology, work- and meeting-spaces, (3) engage with academics to assist with research and metric collection and social network analysis to gain further insight to Oakland’s crime rings and to assist with onboarding a Crime Analyst for CGIC, and (4) deepen and formalize our already well-established Ceasefire partnerships with the local Probation, Parole, other local law enforcement, Federal partners, as well as the Department of Violence Prevention, local community- and faith-based organizations that support victims of crime, OPD’s Criminal Investigation Division and ATF by hosting quarterly meetings. OPD has prepared a Program Narrative in support of the current state of violent gun crime in Oakland, a plan for how to address it and optimism for success were the grant awarded.
Palm Beach County (PBC) is home to an estimated 1.47 million residents and 8 million tourist visitors each year. PBC is an exceptionally diverse community, home to areas of unparalleled wealth juxtaposed by areas of abject poverty and disproportionate rates of violent crime. Socioeconomically depressed areas are home to a significant gang presence, with over 30 gangs identified as operating within PBC communities. Additionally, PBC is home to one of the highest numbers of suspected human trafficking cases in the country, and the county is inundated with illicit drugs. From 2017 – 2019, firearms were used in 49.6% of all homicides, robberies and aggravated assaults, and when examining only homicides, the rate of firearm use jumps to 82.59%, significantly higher than national rate of 72.6%. Moreover, there is a significant volume of nonfatal shootings each year, many of which result in gang-related retaliatory violence.
With BJA grant funding, the Palm Beach County Sheriff’s Office seeks to:
- Establish a collaborative PBC CGIC for strategic coordination and utilization of intelligence, technology, and community engagement to swiftly identify crime guns, their sources, and effectively prosecute perpetrators.
- Evaluate the effectiveness of the CGIC.
- Provide comprehensive training for CGIC stakeholders to more effectively investigate and prosecute gun crimes.
- Increase the capacity of local prosecutors to track and support CGIC cases.
Point of Contact:
Sergeant Rick McAfee
Violent Crimes Unit
The Paterson Police Department (PPD) directly protects and serves the third-largest city in New Jersey. Founded in 1792 and designed as the nation’s first industrial hub, the City of Paterson is now home to nearly 150,000 residents. Today, the vast majority suffer from blighted neighborhoods, gun crime, violent crime, street-level narcotics distribution, cyclical/multi-generational poverty, open-air drug markets, gang activity, and a crumbling infrastructure. After New York City, Paterson is the second-most densely populated large city in the nation. Paterson is home to eight federally designated Opportunity Zones and its overall poverty rate is 28.1%. In fact, 82% of Paterson’s census tracts have a poverty level exceeding 20% and 30% of its tracts have a poverty level exceeding 40%, the highest of which reaches 58.99% (US Census 2018 5-year Estimates and FFIEC Statistics). Between 2019 and 2020, Paterson experienced a precipitous increase in gun crimes, specifically: a 93% increase in fatal shootings and a 32% increase in non-fatal shootings.
Regarding geographic impact, the Paterson CGIC would be the first in the State of New Jersey. This will assure that the Paterson CGIC is poised to provide new insights into crime gun violence and analytics in our region of the nation.
Point of Contact:
Lieutenant Anthony Hyatt
Special Investigations Bureau - Ceasefire Unit
The City of Phoenix has experienced a significant increase in violent crime over the past few years. Many of these violent crimes have resulted in homicides, aggravated assaults and robberies which generally have a firearm nexus. In order to address violent gun crime, the Phoenix Police Department (PPD) has worked closely with other agencies in the Phoenix area and has developed the Phoenix Metro NIBIN Program. This program incorporates 26 different agencies from around the state that enter their shell casing information into the PPD-based system. This collaborative approach facilitates cross-jurisdictional investigations of gun-related crimes and has been an extremely successful and productive program for all participating agencies. In order to enhance this and other existing strategies and to develop new gun crime reduction strategies, the Phoenix Police Department (PPD) and partners will establish a Phoenix Crime Gun Intelligence Center (CGIC).
The PPD will utilize the ATF Governing Board’s CGIC best practices by developing a workflow process/ investigative process that includes patrol, NIBIN, case detectives, the PPD Gun Squad and ATF operational manpower. In developing the CGIC, the PPD will form an Executive Steering Committee that will involve a broad collaboration that includes partners from the Phoenix Metro NIBIN program, county and federal prosecutors, community organizations, ATF subject matter experts and a research partner from the Arizona State University. These partners will develop processes and make them into protocols and policies to support the CGIC operations.
Point of Contact:
Lieutenant – Violent Crimes Bureau / Crime Gun Intelligence Unit
Phoenix Police Department
The Twin Cities Crime Gun Intelligence Center (CGIC) is led by the ATF St. Paul Field Division. Through strategic law enforcement, the Twin Cities CGIC focuses investigative resources on the people in the community committing the most serious and repeated acts of violence. Strengthened forensic evidence practices enable CGIC to link crimes, providing an opportunity to prevent retaliatory crimes.
While the Twin Cities CGIC is focused on gun violence across the region, the City of Saint Paul and key neighborhoods suffer disproportionately from violent crime. The Saint Paul Police Department (SPPD) is enhancing its evidence management practices and investing in gun detection software to ensure rapid processing and dissemination of gun crime evidence. The Twin Cities CGIC currently includes participation of key law enforcement partners including the ATF, the Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Apprehension (BCA) and the Minneapolis Police Department (MPD) and SPPD. MPD and SPPD are the two largest law enforcement agencies in Minnesota, representing the inner core jurisdictions of the Twin Cities. There are highly active prosecutorial agencies supporting the work of the CGIC, with SPPD and the east metro primarily working with the USAO and the Ramsey County Attorney’s Office (RCAO).
SPPD works with its local prosecutorial partner, the RCAO, -to enforce accountability through a data-driven response. SPPD is committed to and has implemented several essential elements of the CGIC model, comprehensive collection of evidence, timely processing, lead notification, prioritization of leads, and investigative follow-up. SPPD is fully committed to using the NIBIN system.
Point of Contact:
St. Paul Police Department
Phone: (651) 266-5544
In half of San Francisco’s ten police districts, 80% or more of homicides were by firearm, exceeding the national average of 68%. Gun violence is geographically concentrated in San Francisco, with just three police districts (Mission, Ingleside, and Bayview) accounting for more than 50% of all firearm homicides, and more than 60% of all crimes involving a firearm. The CGIC approach is ideal for addressing the regional, interconnected nature of firearms crime in San Francisco, and identifying, investigating, and prosecuting gun crime drivers to sustainably reduce gun violence. San Francisco proposes the implementation of CGIC practices and core principals citywide, building upon a close collaboration of the SFPD Investigations Division and District Attorney George Gascón’s Crime Strategies Unit (CSU), and emphasizing advanced strategic data analysis to address serial gun offenders and gun violence crime drivers.
Point of Contact:
Commander Greg McEachern
Bureau of Investigations
The Santa Clara County District Attorney’s Office seeks to expand on an existing Crime Gun Intelligence Program by adding skilled analytic staff and essential equipment to more quickly analyze and investigate shooting cases. In 2017 the County’s Crime Laboratory hired four criminalists to process guns and expended casings and input them into IBIS/NIBIN. As hoped, this generated a huge amount of NIBIN leads, requiring the County to triage the cases to determine what can be done to quickly identify shooters and file a criminal case. After initial success in building the foundation for a Crime Gun Intelligence Program, there is still a major problem addressing increased volume without additional resources. This grant proposal seeks to close critical gaps in processing shell casings and triaging leads. To successfully continue this NIBIN program, the County needs analysts to identify and link cases, coordinate with assigned investigators and get cases to a prosecution stage. Through a close partnership with the ATF, this program has successfully changed the way business is done in Santa Clara County. Led by the DA Office’s Crime Strategies Unit, in partnership with all fourteen agencies in the County, all eligible firearms and casings are quickly and universally entered into NIBIN. This was a major task. The program needs analysts to triage and follow-up on newly linked cases and an additional Matchpoint terminal to assist in faster processing of casings. Having worked for several years to build critical partnerships, lay the infrastructure and embrace the national CGIC model, this grant seeks funding to sustain this program to meet the demand of dramatically increasing gun crime, shootings and gun recoveries with additional equipment and staff. Moreover, this program seeks to benefit from the wisdom and oversight of BJA and the team of experts that would help facilitate this grant award.
The Stockton Crime Gun Intelligence Center (SCGIC) will bring together local law enforcement, local and state prosecutors, and federal Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) partners to address the precipitous increase in firearm non-fatal incidents and homicides occurring over the last several months. Although gun violence in Stockton, CA is a historic trend, recent efforts, including the implementation of Ceasefire, have brought the long-term trend line down. Significant reductions in homicides from the 2012 high have also occurred, however, more collaboration is needed to further reduce and sustain the prevalence of gun violence. Stockton’s rate of violent crime remains four times above the national average. This grant will support Stockton’s efforts to formalize the interagency partnerships and infrastructure to ensure effective implementation of the seven essential elements of a CGIC. Once established, the SCGIC will work to prevent violent crime by linking guns to persons and crimes committed, completing thorough investigations and prosecuting offenders. These investigations and ultimate prosecutions will disrupt the systemic violence occurring in Stockton and support the intelligence led policing efforts currently in place. Specific grant deliverables include: revising policies and procedures to ensure timely entry of ballistic evidence into the national correlation center database; establishing a protocol for following up on investigative leads generated from ballistic links and evidence; sharing of intelligence gathered both on the street during investigations, and in the lab reviewing evidence with CGIC partners; promoting collaborative working group partnerships by tracking CGIC cases and discussing outcomes, and formalizing the working partnership through a Memorandum of Understanding to sustain the SCGIC for years to come.
Narcotic and gang related firearm violence is an ongoing problem in the City of Tampa. Even though Tampa has made significant progress in reducing violent crime, there are still persistent ‘micro-spot’ locations that disproportionally experience gun violence. Based on preliminary UCR statistics, there has been a 35% increase in firearm related offenses between 2018 and 2019 in a three-square mile area in the eastern section of the city. The majority of these incidents were directly related to a significant increase in narcotic activity, which is attributed to the opioid crisis, price reductions in heroin, cocaine, and methamphetamine, and the return of open-air drug markets. There is also significant correlation between these illicit narcotics sales and violent gang activity. Narcotic and gang violence poses an ongoing and significant problem for some areas in Tampa with consequences that spill over into surrounding jurisdictions.
Through this project, Tampa Police Department aims to achieve the following:
Objective 1. Reduce firearm crimes and gang violence by 5-10% over a three-year period through CGIC driven investigations.
Objective 2. Increase the number of successful prosecutions of Violent Impact Players through increased coordination with both local and federal prosecutors.
Objective 3. Increase and improve the use of data through the CGIC partnership to monitor trends and patterns in gun and gang crime within violent hot spots.
Point of Contact:
Police Captain -Violent Crime Bureau
411 N. Franklin Street
Tampa, FL 33602
Toledo, Ohio, was selected as a site for the U.S. DOJ’s National Public Safety Partnership Program (PSP) in 2017 due to the city’s high violent crime rate (VCR). Between 2014 and 2018, PSP found Toledo’s average VCR was nearly 200% above the national average and 47% above U.S. cities with populations between 250,000 and 499,000. Much of the violent crime was found to be gun related, which made implementation of a Crime Gun Intelligence Center (CGIC) one of the top goals in Toledo’s PSP Strategic Plan. In July 2018, with the help of ATF, the Toledo Police Department (TPD) received a BrassTRAX system to enable the agency to process its own NIBIN entries (in addition to some surrounding agencies). One year later, the department implemented gunshot detection technology to cover 4 square miles of the most violent areas in Toledo.
Under the FY2020 CGIC grant funding, TPD’s goals are to: 1) Enhance current CGIC processes and partnerships, 2) add a full-time, dedicated NIBIN technician to the CGIC task force to manage acquisitions and correlations, 3) add a full-time analyst to the CGIC task force to support intelligence analysis and NESS data management, and 4) develop a case management system to support NIBIN case assignment and investigation.
Point of Contact:
Deputy Chief David Mueller
Investigative Services Division
The City of Tulsa has been ranked as one of the most dangerous cities in the United States. In January of 2018, CBS News published a list based on data from the Major Cities Chiefs Association Violent Crimes Survey that placed Tulsa at 12th among 61 U.S. urban centers with the highest murder rates per capita. While rankings are often debated, they reflect an urgent need to improve efforts to reduce violent crime in the community.
The upward trend in violent gun crime emphasizes the need to change current processes to improve effectiveness in reducing violent crime. Short-term task forces were used to address violent crime within the city limits, but long-term and broader approaches are needed. The Tulsa Police Department is committed to adopting modern strategies that address crime trends and technology advancements.
Point of Contact:
City of Tulsa PD Forensic Laboratory
Over the past two years, Washington, DC has experienced an increase in the proportion of gun-related violent crime.* Between 2014 and 2015, homicides in the city increased by 54 percent. While the number of homicides declined in 2016 when compared to 2015, the proportion of gun-related homicides continues to rise. In 2014, firearm-related homicides comprised 69 percent of all homicides and in 2015, 76 percent of all homicides were associated with guns. That number increased to 78 percent in 2016. These gun crimes are concentrated in several neighborhoods in the District, impeding development in these areas even while other parts of the city experience an economic boom.
A major contributing factor to gun crime in Washington, DC is the availability of guns in surrounding jurisdictions. An ATF report on firearms recovered and traced in Washington, DC shows that in 2014, more than 50 percent of guns recovered in the District with known source states were traced back to Maryland or Virginia.** Less than five percent of guns recovered in Washington, DC originated in the District.
Under the Washington, DC Crime Gun Intelligence Center (CGIC) Initiative, the Metropolitan Police Department (MPD) will work closely with local and federal partners, including the DC Department of Forensic Sciences (DFS), the United States Attorney’s Office (USAO), the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), and surrounding jurisdictions to target and reduce gun crime. CGIC partner agencies will work to:
- Ensure the National Integrated Ballistic Information Network (NIBIN) and eTrace databases contain comprehensive data;
- Coordinate investigations that span jurisdictional boundaries;
- Mitigate intelligence gaps among agencies; and
- Facilitate violent crime investigations and prosecutions, among other objectives.
To achieve these objectives, executive partners, including senior managers from the MPD, DFS, USAO, and ATF, will meet to discuss the status of NIBIN and CGIC operations and end user needs on a quarterly basis. Tactical team partners, including ATF and MPD enforcement groups, will conduct the daily operations of the CGIC. Research partners will coordinate with CGIC analysts to obtain the appropriate data for effective performance measurement. MPD serves as the lead agency for the CGIC initiative, with continued support from the ATF, DFS, PGPD, High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (HIDTA), and USAO.
*Violent crime is defined as homicide, assault with a dangerous weapon (ADWs), and robbery.
Point of Contact:
Executive Office of the Chief of Police
Metropolitan Police Department
Main: (202) 727-9318
The Wichita (KS) Police Department (WPD) is the primary law enforcement provider for the City of Wichita (COW). Over the past five years, the COW has experienced precipitous increases in gun-related violence. The rising trend in violent gun crime emphasizes the need to change current processes to improve effectiveness in reducing violent crime. Recognizing the need for change, the WPD has been proactively implementing new policies and procedures to combat violent crime. These initiatives have included new advances in gunshot detection technology and a public safety initiative for Operation Save-A-Casing, where citizens of Wichita are encouraged to save two (2) spent firearm casings from their firearm. If their firearm is ever stolen, the citizen is encouraged to turn over their casings to law enforcement to be analyzed within the National Integrated Ballistic Information Network (NIBIN).
The Wichita Crime Gun Intelligence Center (WCGIC) Task Force coordinated by the WPD will involve several significant partners to include federal, state, and local entities. In addition to the core task force members, the Task Force has commitments from other federal, state, local agencies to include FBI, DEA, probation and parole, social service providers, and community groups. WPD will take necessary actions to expand its Crime Gun Intelligence Center (CGIC) efforts. Continuous monitoring and statistical analysis will be made to solidify the program through changes to WCGIC policies, procedures, and operations. WPD will continue to build upon current partnerships and coordination with state and federal prosecutors.
Point of Contact:
Wichita Police Department
Phone: (316) 268-4407
The Wilmington Police Department (WPD), and the Delaware Department of Justice (DOJ) are seeking funding from Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) to assist with the expansion of its existing Crime Gun Intelligence Center (CGIC). Funding would provide WPD the ability to enhance officer safety; address illegal firearm-related crime; and utilize intelligence, technology, and community engagement to swiftly identify crime guns, their sources, and effectively prosecute perpetrators in partnership with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF). This grant will assist the Wilmington Police Department who has collaborated to enhance their already existing CGIF Certified Forensic Firearms Crime Laboratories to benefit residents of DE.
Grant funds will enhance the WPD Laboratory by funding a contractual Firearms Examiner. This will allow WPD to continue to provide a full-service Forensic Firearms Crime Laboratory with the capabilities of evidence entries, examinations, tool mark analysis, serial number restoration and casing/ballistic matches statewide for law enforcement agencies. WPD has a fully operational firearms lab, with the exception of a firearms examiner. WPD has been a CGIC certified Forensic Firearms Crime Laboratory for several years, entered into a MOU with ATF, and meets the CGIC business practices.
Grant funds will also be used to purchase forensic microscopes needed for forensic examinations of projectiles and or shell casings to confirm ballistic matches. This will enhance the WPD Laboratory to become a full-service Forensic Firearms Crime Laboratory with evidence entries, serial number restoration, examinations and ballistic matches; subsequently bolstering investigations and prosecutions of violent firearm crime. DE DOJ will use grant funds to oversee the creation and implementation of a Gun Reporting and Tracking System using the existing statewide police incident reporting system, LEISS.
Goals for the project are: 1. Develop analytical support to improve police response to gunshots fired utilizing report management systems (RMS), eTrace, and other technology; 2. Become even more efficient and continue to grow in learning and adopt national best practices to avoid any backlogged evidence; 3. Decrease turnaround time for processing evidence; 4. Hire one (1) firearms examiner and purchase equipment within 90 days; 5. Complete a final analysis report.
The City of Winston-Salem, North Carolina is the fourth largest city in the state and is located in the heart of West Central North Carolina. The City has a growing population of over 240,000 residents living in 133 square miles of Forsyth County.The City is home to seven local colleges and universities including Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem State University, and the University of North Carolina School of the Arts. The Winston-Salem Police Department (WSPD) is the primarylaw enforcement agency in the area, with an allocation of560sworn officers and 175non-sworn personnel to provide law enforcement services to this community. The agency delivers high-quality services to the citizens of the City through its long-standing foundational philosophy of Community-Oriented/Problem-Oriented Policing (COP/POP). The Winston-Salem Police Department is committed to addressing the precipitous increase in gunfire violence within the city through a comprehensive gun violence reduction strategy. Through the CGIC project, the first step in the strategy is the creation of a Violent Firearm Investigations Team (VFIT) consisting of members of the Winston-Salem Police Department (WSPD), Forsyth County Sheriff’s Office (FCSO), and the Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco Firearms & Explosives (ATF). The second component in the gun violence reduction strategy involves the comprehensive and timely processing of all forensic evidence related to violent gunfire incidents. The third component to the gun violence reduction strategy proposes the implementation of a gunfire detection system (the focus of this grant application) within a 3-square mile area of the city as part of the overall strategy to address the precipitous increase of gunfire violence within the city.
Point of Contact:
Office of the Chief of Police
Winston Salem Police Department